While prepositions before days may be omitted in American English, i. Ranges of dates use to , i. When saying or writing out numbers, and is inserted before the tens and units, i. However Australians, like Americans, are more likely to pronounce numbers such as 1, as twelve hundred , rather than one thousand two hundred. When referring to time, Australians will refer to as half past ten and do not use the British half ten.
Similarly, a quarter to ten is used for in favour of the American a quarter of ten. As in most English-speaking countries, there is no official governmental regulator or overseer of normative spelling and grammar. The Macquarie Dictionary is used by some universities and some other organisations as a standard for Australian English spelling.
Australian spelling is closer to British than American spelling. As with British spelling, the u is retained in words such as colour , honour , labour and favour. While the Macquarie Dictionary lists the -our ending and follows it with the -or ending as an acceptable variant, the latter is rarely found in actual use today. Australian print media, including digital media, today strongly favour -our endings. A notable exception to this rule is the Australian Labor Party , which adopted the American spelling in as a result of -or spellings' comparative popularity at that time.
Consistent with British spellings, -re , rather than -er , is the only listed variant in Australian dictionaries in words such as theatre , centre and manoeuvre.
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Unlike British English, which is split between -ise and -ize in words such as organise and realise , with -ize favoured by the Oxford English Dictionary and -ise listed as a variant, -ize is rare in Australian English and designated as a variant by the Macquarie Dictionary. Ae and oe are often maintained in words such as manoeuvre , paedophilia and foetus excepting those listed below ; however, the Macquarie Dictionary lists forms with e e.
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Individual words where the preferred spelling is listed by the Macquarie Dictionary as being different from the British spellings include "program" in all contexts as opposed to "programme", "inquire" and derivatives "inquired", "inquiry", etc. Different spellings have existed throughout Australia's history. A pamphlet entitled The So-Called "American Spelling" , published in Sydney some time in the 19th century, argued that "there is no valid etymological reason for the preservation of the u in such words as honor , labor , etc. This influence can be seen in the spelling of the Australian Labor Party and also in some place names such as Victor Harbor.
The Concise Oxford English Dictionary has been attributed with re-establishing the dominance of the British spellings in the s and s. Both single and double quotation marks are in use with double quotation marks being far more common in print media , with logical as opposed to typesetter's punctuation. Spaced and unspaced em-dashes remain in mainstream use, as with American and Canadian English.
There are two major English language keyboard layouts , the United States layout and the United Kingdom layout. Keyboards and keyboard software for the Australian market universally use the United States keyboard layout, which lacks pound sterling, Euro currency and negation symbols. Punctuation symbols are also placed differently from British keyboards. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For Australians of English descent, see English Australians. Dialect within the English language. Language family. Writing system. Main article: Australian English phonology.
Main article: Variation in Australian English. Main article: Australian English vocabulary. Australia portal Language portal. Australian Braille Authority. Retrieved 2 January Archived from the original on 13 July Retrieved 26 July Speaking our Language: the Story of Australian English. South Melbourne: Oxford University Press. London: Hutchinson. Carlton, Vic. Archived from the original on 9 November Retrieved 15 August The Australian Language 1st ed. Sydney: Angus and Robertson. Americanization and Australia 1.
London: Arnold. Evans Australian Journal of Linguistics. Archived from the original on 6 July Archived from the original on 31 December Someone's nicked me Strine". The Age. Sydney Morning Herald.
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Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 5 January The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd, Access date: 5 November Australian Government National Measurement Institute. Retrieved 14 February Metrication in Australia: A review of the effectiveness of policies and procedures in Australia's conversion to the metric system PDF. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service.
Retrieved 5 August Measurements used by people in their private lives, in conversation or in estimation of sizes had not noticeably changed nor was such a change even attempted or thought necessary. Note: Entries with Chiefly British usage note in the Macquarie Dictionary and reference to corresponding Australian entry. Macquarie Dictionary. Retrieved 20 September Archived from the original on 30 July Korhonen, Minna University of Helsinki. Mitchell, Alexander G. The Story of Australian English.
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Sydney: Dictionary Research Centre. Articles related to Australian English. States and territories Capitals Cities. Outline Index. Languages of Australia. Australian Australian Aboriginal Torres Strait. Tiwi Wagiman Worrorran Yangmanic Wardaman. Aboriginal Australians Indigenous Australians.
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Dialects and accents of Modern English by continent. Varieties by geographic location. Abercraf Cardiff Gower Port Talbot. Dublin South and West Ulster. Bermuda Falkland Islands Guyana. English-speaking world. Click on a coloured area to see an article about English in that country or region. List of countries by English-speaking population List of countries where English is an official language.
Countries and territories where English is the national language or the native language of the majority. Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha. Countries and territories where English is an official language, but not the majority first language. Puerto Rico. Gibraltar Akrotiri and Dhekelia Malta. Dependencies shown in italics. Sydney English Schools. Melbourne English Schools. Brisbane English Schools. Perth English Schools. Adelaide English Schools. English Courses in Australia.
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